Occupational Health: Core Areas of Knowledge and Competence

It is difficult to define a highly intricate and dynamic process like occupational health nursing by describing its core functions or jobs. Occupational Health Nurse (OHA) continuously acquire new skills as well as adapting existing practices to meet evolving needs and devising new ways of solving issues. Therefore, their practice isn’t static, but is continuously improving on a core range of skills. Visit:- https://caongua.vn/

But, within this limit there is a way to describe those areas of knowledge and competence that occupational health nurses employ. The following list is not intended to be exhaustive however it is intended to provide an idea of the diverse variety of abilities occupational health nurses exhibit when they work.

The Clinician

Primary prevention

The OHA is skilled in the primary prevention of injury or disease. The nurse may identify the need, analyze and implement interventions to change work conditions, workplace systems, or work practices to lessen the chance of exposure to hazardous substances. The occupational health nurse is skilled in taking into consideration factors such as human behaviour and habits in relationship to work-related practices. They can also be involved in the identification, understanding and correction of work factors and the selection of personal protective equipment, prevention of workplace injuries and diseases as well as offering advice in matters concerning security of the environment. Because of the occupational health nurses close association with workers and their familiarity and expertise in working conditions, they are in a position to detect any early changes in work practices as well as identify the concerns of employees regarding safety and health, and by presenting these to management in an objective and independent manner could be the trigger for changes at the workplace that lead to primary prevention.

Emergency care

The OHA is a Registered Nurse with plenty of practical experience and knowledge in handling injured or sick individuals. The nurse can, in the event that such duties form part of their duties, provide urgent care for injured workers at work prior the transfer of the injured person to hospital or the arrival of the emergency service. In many cases, when hazardous conditions exist at work, or the workplace is situated far from other health facilities the job will be the majority of an occupational health nurse’s duties. Nurses who work in occupational health in oil rigs, in desert, or in areas where the health care systems aren’t yet fully developed will have experience with a broad variety of emergency treatment techniques and may have acquired specific skills to perform this job. For those who work in environments that require emergency services available, they could simply provide an additional amount of assistance that is not provided by the industrial first aider.

Nursing diagnosis

Occupational health nurses are experienced in assessing clients’ health care requirements, making a nursing diagnosis and formulating suitable nursing plans, working with the client or group of clients in order to meet the demands. Nurses can then apply and assess nursing interventions to meet the goals of care. The nurse plays an important function in assessing needs of groups and individuals, and can analyse, interpret, and plan and implement strategies that help achieve specific objectives. Through the use of nursing, the nurse can contribute to the management of health in the workplace and in that, improves the overall health of the populace at the shop floor level. The nursing diagnosis can be described as a comprehensive concept that is not focused only on the treatment of one specific illness and instead examines the whole person and their health needs within a broad context. It’s a holistic health model instead of one that is based on disease. nurses have the skills to apply this approach with the populations they work with.

General Health advice and assessment of health

The OHA can provide advice on a broad variety of health-related issues, and particularly on their relationship to health, working capacity and safety at work , and when changes to the work or working environment may be made to be adapted to the needs of the evolving health status of employees.

In many respects employers aren’t primarily concerned about the health conditions that directly result from work, but they do require their occupational health professionals to help address any health-related problems that could affect the employee’s working performance or attendance And many employees appreciate the amount of support given to them at the workplace as it is so convenient for them. Particularly, the creation of health-related services for working men, younger population and members of ethnic groups can be most effective in reaching these difficult to reach populations.

Research and the use of evidence-based practice

In addition to utilizing data and information generated by research in a variety of disciplines to assist in the execution of activities that relate to the occupational health component of their role occupational health nurses utilize all research-based information available from many fields to aid in promoting the overall health of the working population.


Occupational health policy, and design, practice implementation, and evaluation

The occupational health nurse who is a specialist is able to be part of the senior management of the company, in developing the workplace health policy and strategy which includes elements related to occupational health workplace health promotion and managing environmental health. In this role, the OH nurse is in a position to assist management in the implementation, review and assessment of workplace health management strategies and be fully involved at each stage. The ability to fulfill this role will depend on the extent of nursing education, abilities and expertise.

The occupational health assessment

OHA’s could play a vital role in health assessments to determine fitness to work and pre-employment examinations as well as regular health checks and health assessments of individuals for risk factors affecting lifestyle.

Collaboration with the occupational physician might be necessary in many instances according to the legislation in force and practice accepted. Nurses be a key player in the workplace when informal inquiries for information, guidance regarding health-related issues and health related problems arise. Nurses are able to look over the specific person or group of employees in relation to exposure to certain hazards and then conduct an appropriate targeted health assessment where required. This is usually performed, but are not always conducted in conjunction with the medical advisor so that when problems are found, a reliable method for referrals to the appropriate medical professional is in place.

Health surveillance

In cases where workers are exposed a degree of residual risk of exposure and health monitoring is required by law the OHA is responsible for undertaking routine health surveillance procedures including periodic health assessments as well as in assessing the outcomes of these screening processes. The nurse will need an exceptional level of clinical skill when undertaking health surveillance. They must also maintain a high degree of alertness to any suspicious findings. A prompt referral to an occupational physician or other qualified specialist is an obligation to the occupational healthcare professional when any abnormality is discovered. The nurse is involved in assisting the worker through any subsequent examination or investigation and can assist in helping keep track of their health upon returning to work. If they are informed of adverse health effects, The occupational health specialist is a great position to coordinate efforts to re-evaluate working practices to protect other employees who might be similarly affected.